Predictors of HIV Risk Behavior in Iranian Women Who Inject Drugs

Published in: Journal of Drug Issues (Sage Journals)

Posted on on July 30, 2018

by Mojtaba Habibi, Ph.D., Solmaz Farmanfarmaee, Ph.D., Mohammad Darharaj, Ph.D., Kaveh Khoshnood, Ph.D., Josh J. Matacotta, Psy.D., Jane O’Bryan, Ph.D.

This study aimed to investigate predictors of drug-related HIV risk behaviors among women who inject drugs. A total of 163 women were recruited from harm-reduction-oriented drug-treatment centers in Tehran, Iran. Each completed a set of measures that included the Risk Behavior Assessment, Beck Depression Inventory–Second Edition, Revised Self-Efficacy Scale, and Peer Group Beliefs Regarding HIV-related Risk Behaviors Scale. The results indicated that past attempts to abstain from drugs, using methadone maintenance treatment programs, and acceptance of peers’ risky norms were significant predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing predictors of frequency of injection, respectively. Furthermore, predictors of frequency of sharing injection paraphernalia included purchasing drugs jointly with other drug users and peers’ norms conforming injecting drug use behaviors. Harm reduction services that take into consideration cultural and peer norms, as well as the development and implementation of HIV prevention programs, are likely to reduce drug-related HIV risk behaviors in women who inject drugs. . 

External Publication

External Publication


This article was published outside of IBHRI. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

Back to Publications.